I interviewed John and Maria individually three times throughout our collaboration Appendix B. We were unable to access details of the contracts between government departments and the Local Service Providers responsible for delivering and implementing the software systems.
Multi-site, mixed method collective case study. According to Sanders"Case studies help us to understand processes of events, projects, and programs and to discover context characteristics that will shed light on an issue or object" p.
It could even be something less tangible, such as a community, a decision, a project, or even a book marketing campaign. The third possible explanation for inconsistency across studies is that ASD causes impairments in sensory and other processes which may then cause unpredictable impairments in tests aimed at measuring higher level tasks e.
Or this cannot be counted as a multiple-case study, instead, it Multiple case study design yin be a "Single-case embedded design" with multiple units of analysis Type 2 design described by Yin?
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Merriam was the first book I chose to read. Practice context The cultures to which students are exposed i.
For example, Hill and Bird similarly reported deficits on the same measure of executive function tapping response initiation, inhibition and set shifting and on a measure of processing speed in their group of 22 high-functioning autism participants. The descriptions of data collection and data analysis that are included in this chapter pertain to the data that were collected and analyzed for the contrasting case studies.
Creswell recommends case study as a methodology if the problem to be studied "relates to developing an in-depth understanding of a 'case' or bounded system" p.
According to Yin, case studies can be used to explain, describe or explore events or phenomena in the everyday contexts in which they occur[ 1 ].
Moreover, Gilbert et al. This raises the possibility, which would need to be confirmed with larger group numbers, that this neuropsychological variability in itself is in part characteristic of ASD and perhaps could in future serve as an important endophenotype.
A case study can focus on a variety of different things. Two contrasting cases of CBR are described and analyzed in order to understand the issues that arise when conducting CBR, the factors that facilitate or hinder the process, and the benefits of conducting CBR.
Approaches that seek to understand this heterogeneity offer great potential to improve our understanding of the complex pattern of brain re-organisation in ASD, which may in turn improve our understanding of the underlying causes of symptom presentation Gilbert et al.
A longitudinal case — a study of changes over time. What are the potential pitfalls and how can these be avoided? Also case studies can be conducted and written with many different motives. Also, the unit must be at the same level as the object of the proposition Gerring and McDermott, Since I was essentially observing myself as I collaborated with my community partner, all of the observations that I completed for my case study data collection were participant observations.
In this first case study, as I show in more detail in chapter four, it was challenging to develop a collaborative relationship with my community partners.
Since the purpose is to help advance understanding, a collective case study is a grouping of instrumental case studies Stake, In addition, two fMRI studies by Gilbert et al. Structured in phases relevant to the three knowledge contexts: Though I collected all three forms of data observations, interviews, and documents for each study, there are some variations that are detailed in the following sections.
In creating this framework, I was influenced by Stoecker's delineation of radical and mainstream CBR. I felt that these kinds of interviews would create greater distance between us. This was not the purpose of the study.
Finally, in keeping with our fourth hypothesis, the single-case study approach also revealed evidence of individual supra-normal performance, or strengths, that again were not apparent when the data was only analysed at the group level.
Heterogeneity as a defining feature of high-functioning ASD, and its explanations The observation revealed by the multiple case series analysis, showed a markedly heterogeneous pattern of performance across participants, and with differing strengths and weaknesses within individuals, poses problems for single core cognitive deficit accounts of ASD.
Periodically I composed analytic memos to begin to formulate ideas around particular findings.
One of the idea interest me is how Yin distinguishes single-case designs and multiple-case designs. This incorrectly confuses the case study method with a specific method of data collection, such as ethnography or participant observation.
The big advantage of multiple case studies is that evidence is provided from many sources, thus making it easier to generalize. Semi-structured interviews, documentary data and field notes, observations and quantitative data.
Open in a separate window Table 2 Example of a case study investigating the process of planning and implementing a service in Primary Care Organisations[ 4 ] Context:Single case studies vs. multiple case studies: A comparative study Johanna Gustafsson Academy of Business, Engineering and Science (Yin, ).
Multiple case studies can be used to either augur contrasting results for qualitative case study methodologies are formed by study design, epitome and selection of methods. As a result of this. Also, there is a design of case study research (e.g., Yin,), and grounded theory building (e.g., Gla- search than has existed in the past.
This frame. Since the purpose of case study research is to provide an in-depth exploration of the person, program, or process under study, it requires intensive data collection (Merriam, ; Yin, ) using "multiple forms of data" (Creswell,p. ).
Yin, Robert K.: Case Study Research. Design and Methods Sage Publications, Thousand in order to legitimate the qualitative design of their study.
The design of case studies in Yin’s book relates data to propositions, e.g. by pattern revelatory or longitudinal. Multiple case design has it advantage in constructing a framework in which.
The Case Study 2 The Case Study This note is based on the first chapter in Robert K. Yin's book “The Case Study Method”. A case study can be both a single case or multiple cases. Comparative Case Studies, Methodological Briefs: Impact Evaluation 9, UNICEF Office of Research, Florence.
While some degree of comparison is at the heart of any design in which multiple cases are used, the Diagram based on the discussion of case study designs in Yin, Robert K., Case study research: Design and methods, fifth edition.Download